What Is Bitcoin Mining and How to Mine Bitcoin?

Bitcoin mining can be a lucrative hobby, but it can also be confusing and overwhelming for beginners. If you’re interested in how to mine Bitcoin with your computer but don’t know where to start, this beginner’s guide is for you.

While it’s not as easy to mine Bitcoin with your computer as it used to be, it’s still possible. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll walk you through the basics of Bitcoin mining and show you how to get started. From setting up your mining software to joining a mining pool, we’ll cover everything you need to know to start mining Bitcoin with your computer.

How to Mine Bitcoin
How to Mine Bitcoin. Image by jcomp on Freepik

What is Bitcoin Mining?

Bitcoin mining is the process by which new blocks of Bitcoin transactions are added to the public ledger. Mining requires powerful computer hardware that miners use to generate electricity and process transactions.

Competitors with enough computing power compete against each other. They attempt to solve complex mathematical equations in the shortest period. Then, the winner gets a small amount of Bitcoin for every successful completion.

Currently, miners receive 6.25 BTC as a reward for validating a block. Still, this figure is expected to decrease and settle at 3.125 BTC. The reason is that more Bitcoins are mined and closer to its total supply — 21 million.

Mining maintains the Bitcoin ecosystem. It ensures the processing of individual transactions safely. At the same, it also rewards miners with different digital currencies. This incentivizes them to keep mining even when transaction fees are low. Hence, it’s one of the only ways to gather Bitcoins at no cost.

Different parts of the world have access to different types of resources that they can leverage for mining. However, energy costs are a common challenge faced by most miners around the globe.

How to Mine Bitcoin

When mining Bitcoin, the process can be complicated and time-consuming. To get a new Bitcoin block every 10 minutes, miners must use specific hardware. For solo mining, they must follow basic steps beginning with hardware selection and setup. An old laptop or desktop computer might not work as effectively as a specialized miner’s rig designed for cryptocurrency mining. Antminer by Bitmain is a popular choice among cryptocurrency miners. But more powerful rigs might yield more profitable results when used to mine Bitcoin.

Mining also requires an internet connection that is faster than average. This is to support the processing power needed for Bitcoin mining. Unfortunately, even if one invests all this effort and money into setting up a Bitcoin miner’s rig, there may still not be any guarantee of earning Bitcoins due to the huge competition within the mining industry.

However, those considering going into this line of business should start by doing their research. They should also determine what works best for their situation regarding the equipment used and desired profits.


Mining Bitcoin can be a lucrative way to earn cryptocurrency, but it’s not without its challenges. It requires significant investment in hardware and electricity costs and technical knowledge to set up and maintain a mining rig. If you’re interested in mining Bitcoin, do your research and calculate your potential profits and costs before investing.

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Jimoh Sodiq Opeyemi

I enjoy blogging about local business ideas and crypto integration into small businesses in Nigeria.

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Jimoh Sodiq Opeyemi
I enjoy blogging about local business ideas and crypto integration into small businesses in Nigeria.